Mind and Brain

Starke, S., Basaran Akmazoglu, T., Colucci, A., Vermehren, M., van Beinum, A., Buthut, M., Soekadar, S.R., Bublitz, C., Chandler, J.A. & Ienca. M. (submitted 2023). Qualitative studies involving users of clinical neurotechnology: a scoping review

Oliviero, L., Schmitz-Luhn B., Mestre T., Chandler J.A. (submitted 2023). A review of legal issues raised by remote programming of deep brain stimulation devices.

Hitti, FL…Chandler, J.A.…Pouratian N. forthcoming, Brain Stimulation 2023). Future directions in psychiatric neurosurgery: Proceedings of the 2022 American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery meeting on surgical neuromodulation for psychiatric disorders.

Wong, J.K.,….Chandler J.A.…Okun, M.S. (accepted 2022). Proceedings of the 10th Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Cutting Edge Technologies, Artificial Intelligence, Neuromodulation, Neuroethics, Interventional Psychiatry and Women in Neuromodulation.  Frontiers in Human Neuroscience: Brain Imaging and Stimulation

Chandler J.A., van der Loos, K., Boehnke, S., Buchman, D.Z., Beaudry, J.S., Illes, J. (2022). Brain computer interfaces and communication disabilities: Ethical, legal and social aspects of decoding speech from the brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2022.841035

Schmitz-Luhn B, Chandler J.A, on behalf of the iCare-PD consortium. (2022). Ethical and legal aspects of technology-assisted care in neurodegenerative disease. Journal of Personalized Medicine 12(6):1011

Chandler J.A, van der Loos K, Boehnke S, Buchman DZ, Beaudry JS, Illes J. (2021). Building communications neurotechnology for high stakes communications. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 22, 587-588.

Chandler JA, Cabrera L, Doshi P, Fecteau S, Herrera-Ferrá K, Fins JJ, Guinjoan S, Hamani C, Hevía M, Honey M, Illes J, Kopell B, Lipsman N, Oliveira-Maya A, MacDonald P, Mayberg H, Nadler R, Nuttin B, Rangel C, Ribeiro R, Wu, H. (2021). International legal approaches to neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Soekadar, S,. Chandler, J.A, Ienca, M., Bublitz, J.C. (2021_. On the verge of the hybridmind. Morals and Machines 1(1):30-43

Wu H et al. (2020). Deep brain stimulation for refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) : emerging or established therapy? Molecular Psychiatry 26:60-65.

Marloth M, Chandler JA, and Vogeley K. (2020). Psychiatric interventions in virtual reality: Why we need an ethical framework. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29(4):574-584.

Martinez-Martin N, Dasgupta I, Carter A, Chandler J.A, Kellmeyer P, Kreitmair K, Weiss A, Cabrera LY. (2020). Ethics of digital mental health during COVID-19:  Crisis and opportunities. JMIR Mental Health, 7(12):e23776.

Berryessa, C. & Chandler, J.A. (2020). The “new” role of the defense attorney in relation to biological interventions as rehabilitative strategies. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 59(7):389-415. Preprint available here.

Nadler, R. and Chandler JA. (2019). Legal Regulation of psychosurgery: A fifty-state survey. Journal of Legal Medicine 39(4):335-399.

Knack N, Chandler JA, Fedoroff JP. (2020). A qualitative study of forensic patients’ perceptions of quasi-coercive offers of biological treatment. Behavioral Sciences & Law. 38(2):135-151.

Chandler J.A, Kilty J, Holmes D. (2019). Medicalized metamorphosis: “Biological” rehabilitation of criminal offenders. Critical Criminology

Sample, M. et al. (2019). Brain-computer interfaces and personhood: interdisciplinary deliberations on neural technology. Journal of Neural Engineering 16(6).

Kellmeyer, P., Chandler, J., Cabrera, L., Carter, A., Kreitmair, K., Weiss, A., Illes, J. Emerging Issues Task Force, International Neuroethics Society. (2019). Neuroethics at 15: The Current and Future Environment for Neuroethics, AJOB Neuroscience, 10(3):104-110.

Illes, J., Weiss, S, Bains, J, Chandler, J.A, Conrod, P, DeKoninck, Y, Fellows, LK, Groetzinger, D, Racine, E, Robillard, J.M. & Sokolowski, M.B. (2019). A neuroethics backbone for the evolving Canadian brain research strategy. Neuron 101:370-374

Hashmi, SS, Chandler JA, Fedoroff JP. (2018). Respect for intimacy among persons whose privacy is compromised. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 46(3):295-297.

Chandler J.A, Harrel N and Potkonjak T. (2018). Neurolaw today: A systematic review of the recent law and neuroscience literature. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2018.04.00

Chandler J.A. (2018). Neurolaw and neuroethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics 27(Sp Issue 4):590-598.

Whitehead, R. and Chandler JA. (2018). Biocriminal justice: Exploring public attitudes to criminal rehabilitation using biomedical treatments. Neuroethics.

Clausen, J, Fetz, E, Donoghue, J, Ushiba, J, Sporhase, U, Chandler, J.A, Birbaumer, N, Soekadar, S.R. (2017). Help, hope and hype: Ethical dimensions of neuroprosthetics. Science. 356(6345):1338-1339.

Chandler, J.A. (2017). The impact of biological psychiatry on the law: Evidence, blame and social solidarity. Alberta Law Review, 54(3), 831-848.

Racine, E., Aspler, J. Forlini C., and Chandler, J.A. (2017). Contextualized Autonomy and Liberalism: Broadening the lenses on complementary and alternative medicines in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 27(1), 1-41.

Chandler J.A, Sun, J, Racine, E. (2017). Online public reactions to fMRI communication with patients with disorders of consciousness:  Quality of life, end of life decision-making and concerns with misdiagnosis. AJOB Empirical Bioethics, 8(1):40-51

Berryessa, C., Chandler, J.A. & Reiner, P. (2016). Public attitudes towards legally coerced biological treatments of criminals. Journal of Law and Biosciences 3(3): 447-467.

Racine, E. , Forlini, C., Aspler, J., Chandler J.A. (2016). Complementary and alternative medicine in the context of earlier diagnoses of Alzheimer’s disease: Opening the conversation to prepare ethical responses. J. Alzheimers Disease, 51(1), 1-9.

Chandler, J.A. (2015). The use of neuroscientific evidence in Canadian criminal proceedings. Journal of Law and Bioscience, 2(3), 550-579.

Purcell, M., Chandler, J.A. & Fedoroff, P. (2015). The use of phallometric evidence in Canadian criminal law.  J. of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 43, 141-153.

Racine, E., Rubio, T.M., Chandler, J.A., Forlini, C. & Lucke, J. (2014). The value and pitfalls of speculation about science and technology in bioethics: The case of cognitive enhancement. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 17(3), 325-337.

Chandler, J.A., Mogyoros, A., Rubio, T.M., & Racine, E. (2013). A second look at the legal and ethical consequences of pharmacological memory dampening: The case of sexual assault. Journal of Law Medicine and Ethics, 41(4), 859-871. Preprint available here.

Chandler, J.A. (2013). Autonomy and the Unintended Legal Consequences of Emerging Neurotherapies. Neuroethics, 6(2):249-263.

Chandler, J.A. (2010). Reading the Judicial Mind: How will courts react to the use of neuroimaging technologies for detecting deception?. Dalhousie Law Journal, 33(1), 85-116.

Organ Donation and Transplantation

Lazin, S.J. and Chandler, J.A. (submitted 2023). Transplant on Trial: The Case of Lewis v AHS.

Leeies, M….Chandler, J.A.…Hrymak, C. (accepted 2023). Inequities for Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (SOGI)-Diverse People in Organ and Tissue Donation and Transplantation: A Scoping Review. American Journal of Transplantation.

Taillieu, R., Weiss, M.J., Harvey, D., Murphy, N., Weijer, C., Chandler, J.A. (accepted 2023). Pre-mortem interventions for the purpose of organ donation:  Legal approaches to consent. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics.

Sarti, A.J., Sutherland, S., Meade, M., Hornby, L., Wilson, L., Landriault, A., Vanderspank-Wright, B.,  Valiani, S., Keenan, S., Weiss, M.J., Werestiuk, K., Beed, S., Kramer, A.H., Kawchuk, J., Cardinal, P., Dhanani, S., Lotherington, K., Pagliarello,G., Chassé, M., Gatien, M., Parsons, K., Chandler, J.A., Nickerson, P. & Shemie, S. on behalf of the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG). (2023). Death determination by neurologic criteria – what do families understand? Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 70. 637–650.

Murphy, N.B., Weijer, C., Slessarev, M., Chandler, J.A. & Gofton, T. (2023). Implications of the updated Canadian death determination guidelines for organ donation interventions that restore circulation after determination of death by circulatory criteria. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 70. 591–595.

Pope, T.M., Chandler, J.A. & Hartwick, M. (2023). Consent for death determination by neurologic criteria in Canada: an analysis of legal and ethical authorities, and consensus-based working group recommendations. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 70. 570–584.

Murphy, N., Chandler, J.A., Harwick, M., Kanji, A., Simpson, C., Wilson, L.C., Shaul, R.Z. (2023). Balancing values:  Implications of a brain-based definition of death for pluralism in Canada. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 70. 585–590.

Chandler, J.A. & Pope, T.M. (2023). Legal considerations for the brain-based definition of death in the 2023 Canadian Brain-Based Definition of Death Clinical Practice Guideline. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 70. 659–670.

Murphy, N.B., Harwick, M., Wilson, L.C., Simpson, C., Shemie, S.D., Torrance, S., Chandler, J.A. (2023). Rationale for revisions to the definition of death and criteria for its determination in Canada. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 70. 558–569.

Shemie, D., Wilson, L.C., Hornby, L., Basmaji, J., Baker, A.J., Bensimon, C.M., Chandler, J.A., Chassé, M., Dawson, R., Dhanani, S., Mooney, O.T., Sarti, A.J., Simpson, C., Teitelbaum, J., Torrance, S., Boyd, J.G., Brennan, J., Brewster, H., Carignan, R.,.... & Rochwerg B. (2023). A brain-based definition of death and criteria for its determination after arrest of circulation or neurologic function in Canada: A 2023 clinical practice guideline. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 70. 483–557.

Toews, M., Chandler, J.A., Pope, T.M., Paper, R., Weiss, M.J., & Sandiumenge, A. (2023). Legislation and policy recommendations on organ and tissue donation and transplantation from an international consensus forum. Transplantation Direct 2023;9: e1395; doi: 10.1097/TXD.0000000000001395.

Sarti, A.J., Sutherland, S., Meade, M., Shemie, S., Landriault, A., Vanderspank-Wright, B., Valiani, S., Keenan, S., Weiss, M.J., Werestiuk, K., Kramer, A.H., Kawchuk, J., Beed, S., Dhanani, S., Pagliarello, G., Chassé, M., Lotherington, K., Gatien, M., Parsons, K., Chandler, J.A., ,Nickerson, P., Kutsogiannis, J., Cardinal, P. on behalf of CCCTG. (2022). The experiences of family members of deceased organ donors and suggestions to improve the donation process: a qualitative study. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 193(30):e1054-e1061, DOI:

Murphy, N., Weijer, C., Chandler, J.A., D’Aragon, F., Healey, A., Weiss, M.J., Slessarev, M. (2022). Best foot forward: now is the time for Canadian ethical guidance onprospective interventional trials of antemortem interventions of antemortem interventions in organ donation. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 69(10):1196-1202.

Dhanani, S., Hornby, L., van Beinum, A.,Scales, N.B., Hogue, M., Baker, A., Beed, S., Boyd, J.G.,  Chandler, J.A., Chassé, M,, D’Aragon, F., Dezfulian, C., Doig, C.J., Duska, F., Friedrich, J.O., Gardiner, D., Gofton, T., Harvey, D., Herry, C., .... & Shemie S.D. for the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group and Canadian Donation and Transplantation Research Program. (2021). Resumption of cardiac activity after withdrawal of life-sustaining measures. New England Journal of Medicine. 384:345-352

Ibrahim, B., Dawson, R., Chandler, J.A., Goldberg, A., Hartell, D., Hornby, L., Simpson, C., Weiss, M.J., Wilson, L.C., Wilson, T.M., Fortin, M.C. (2021). The COVID-19 pandemic and organ donation and transplantation:  Ethical issues.  BMC Medical Ethics. 22:142

Weiss, M.J., Chandler, J.A., van Beinum, A., Harvey, D. (2021). Ethical considerations in the use of pre-mortem interventions to support deceased organ donation: A scoping review. Transplantation Reviews 35(4):100635.

Murphy N, Weijer C, Smith M, Chandler JA, Chamberlain E, Gofton T, Slessarev M. (2021). Controlled donation after circulatory determination of death:  A scoping review of ethical issues, key concepts and arguments. J. Law Medicine & Ethics 49(3):418-440

Greenberg R, Goldberg A, Anthony S, Buchman DZ, Delaney S, Gruben V, Holdsworth S, Le Foll B, Leung M, Lien D, Lynch MJ, Selzner N, Chandler JA, Fortin MCF. (2021). Canadian Society of Transplantation White Paper: Ethical and legal principles for alcohol and cannabis use in solid organ listing and allocation. Transplantation. 105(9):1957-1964.

Zhang K. et al. on behalf of Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG). (2020). Patient and family centered care of critically ill patients who are potential organ donors: A qualitative study protocol of family member perspectives. BMJ Open. 10:e037527.

Yazdani, S., Buchman, D.Z., Wright, L. &  Chandler, J.A. (2018). Organ donation in the context of medical assistance in dying (MAID): Ethical and legal issues facing Canada. McGill Journal of Law and Health 11(2):59-85.

Chandler, JA, Connors, M., Holland, G., Shemie, S.D. (2017). ‘Effective’ requesting: A scoping review of the literature on asking families to consent to organ and tissue donation. Transplantation, 101(5S):S1-S16.

Robertson, A, Shemie, SD, Beitel, J, Chandler, JA, Ferre, E, Evans J, Haun, M, Torrance, S. (2017). End of life conversations with families of potential donors: Leading practices in offering the opportunity for organ donation. Transplantation 101(5S):S17-S26.

Fortin, M. Buchman, D.,  Wright, L., Chandler, J., Delaney, S., Fairhead, T.,  Gallagher, R., Grant, D., Greenberg, R., Hartell, D., Holdsworth, S., Landsberg, D., Paraskevas, S., Tibbles, L., Young, K., West, L. & Humar, A. (2017). Public solicitation of anonymous organ donors: A position paper by the Canadian Society of Transplantation. Transplantation, 101 (1), 17-20.

Burkell, J.A., Chandler, J.A. & Shemie, S.D. (2013). Attitudes toward Reciprocity Systems for Organ Donation and Allocation for Transplantation. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 38(5), 957-986.

Chandler, J.A., Burkell, J. & Shemie, S.D. (2012). Priority in organ allocation to previously registered donors: Public perceptions of the fairness and effectiveness of priority systems. Progress in Transplantation, 22(4)  413-422.

Shemie, S.D., Hornby, L., Chandler, J., Nickerson, P., Burkell, J. (2011). Lifetime Probabilities of Needing an Organ Transplant versus Donating an Organ after Death. American Journal of Transplantation, 11(10), 2085-2092.

Chandler, J.A. (2005). Priority Systems in the Allocation of Organs for Transplant: Should we reward those who have previously agreed to donate?. Health Law Journal, 13, 99-138. Preprint:


Lazin, S. & Chandler, J.A. (2022). Two views of vulnerability in the evolution of Canada’s medical assistance in dying law. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. DOI: 10.1017/S0963180121000943.

Schmitz-Luhn, B., Chandler, J., on behalf of the iCare-PD consortium. (2022). Ethical and legal aspects of technology-assisted care in neurodegenerative disease. Journal of Personalized Medicine 12(6):1011

van Beinum A, Murphy N, Weijer C, Gruben V, Sarti A, Hornby L, Dhanani S, Chandler J.A. (2022). Family experiences with nontherapeutic research on dying patients in the intensive care unit. Journal of Medical Ethics 48:845-851 (published online first 2021).

van Beinum, A., Healey A., Chandler J.A, Dhanani S, Hartwick M, Lewis A, Marshall C, Marshall J, Shemie SD, Singh JM. 2021. Appeals for somatic support after neurological determination of death:  Canadian physician experiences. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 68:293-314.

Downie, J, Gupta, M, Andrew, M.K, Chandler, J.A, Flood, C.M, Frank, A, MacKenzie, K, Park, T. (2020). MAiD legislation at the crossroads:  Persons with mental disorders as their sole underlying medical condition. Institute for Research onPublic Policy Report. pp).

Downie, J & Chandler, J.A. (2018). Interpreting Canada’s medical assistance in dying legislation. Institute for Research on Public Policy Report (37 pp)

Chandler, J.A. (2012). Obligatory Technologies’: Explaining why people feel compelled to use certain technologies. Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society, 32(4)  255-264.

Chandler, J.A. (2012). Does a patient have a constitutional right to freedom of medical research? Regenerative medicine and therapeutic cloning research in Canada McGill Journal of Law and Health, 6(2), 1-53.

Chandler, J.A. (2011). Obligatory technologies” and the autonomy of patients in biomedical ethics. Griffith Law Review, 20(4), 905-930. Preprint available here.

Chandler, J.A. & Levitt, K. (2011). Spatial Data Quality: The Duty to Warn Users of Risks Associated with Using Spatial Data.  Alberta L. Review, 49(1), 79-106.

Scassa, T., Chandler, J.A. & Judge, E.F. (2011). Data Privacy Issues Arising from the Deployment of Intelligent Transportation Systems. Saskatchewan Law review, 74(1), 117-164.

Chandler, J.A. (2010). Technological Self-Help and Equality in Cyberspace. McGill Law Journal, 56(1), 39-76.

Chandler, J.A. (2010). Stem Cell Tourism: Doctors’ Duties to Minors and other Incompetent Patients (an Open Peer Commentary on Zarzeczny and Caulfield “Stem Cell Tourism and Doctors’ Duties to Minors – A View from Canada). Am. J. Bioethics 10(5):3-15, 27-28.

Chandler, J.A. (2010). Science discovers, genius invents, industry applies, and man adapts himself…Some thoughts on human autonomy, law and technology. in Chandler ed. “Human Autonomy, Law and Technology”  Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 3,30(1): 14-17.

Zarzeczny A, Scott C, Hyun I, Bennett J, Chandler J.A, Chargé S, Heine H, Isasi R, Kato K, Lovell-Badge R, McNagny K, Pei D, Rossant J, Surani A,Taylor PL, Ogbogu U, Caulfield T. (2009). iPS Cells: Mapping the policy issues. Cell 139(6):1032-1037

Chandler J.A. (2008). Negligence liability for breaches of data security. Banking and Finance Law Review 23(2):223-273. Preprint available here

Chandler J.A. (2007). A right to reach an audience:  An approach to intermediary bias on the internet. Hofstra Law Review 35(3):1095-1137. Preprint available here.

Chandler J.A. (2007). The autonomy of technology:  Do courts control technology or do they just legitimize its social acceptance?. Bulletin of Science Technology & Society  27(5):339-348. Preprint available here.

Chandler J.A. (2006). Liability for botnet attacks. Canadian Journal of Law and Technology 5(1):13-25.

Chandler J.A. (2003-2004). Security in Cyberspace: Combatting Distributed Denial of Service Attacks. University of Ottawa Law & Technology Journal, 1, 231-261.